The Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) was established in 2006 as a coalition of 30 non-governmental organizations to observe the general elections and mobilize voters. The Asia Foundation facilitated the formation of the network. However, the purpose-based network continued its working after the general elections held in February 2008 and expanded its scope to work from election oversight and reforms to include parliamentary oversight and reforms, governance oversight and reforms and political parties’ oversight and reforms. FAFEN is currently governed by the Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability (TDEA).

FAFEN continues to implement robust programs in-between elections related to monitoring parliamentary affairs, connecting constituents to their elected representatives, monitoring the performance of public and elected institutions and advocating electoral and democratic reforms. FAFEN is also monitoring political and electoral violence, peace activities and promoting active citizenry through ongoing civic education activities in 200 National Assembly constituencies in 121 districts  and seven tribal agencies in Pakistan.

Since its inception, FAFEN has had many successes. The impact of its work on the process and conduct of elections has been acknowledged by political parties, the Election Commission of Pakistan, international observer groups, and domestic and international media.